Devi Durga – The Mother of Destruction

Earth is the place where humans and asuras lived for thousands of years. From the beginning, humans and asuras created chaos in the land and heavens and were behind many conflicts against the gods and goddesses.

Devi Durga- The Mother Of Destruction!

Time after time, elected humans (incarnations), gods, and goddesses came down to earth and freed the heavens and the earth from those evil forces who had forgotten the dharma. Mother goddess Durga represents a goddess who protects humanity, asuras, and even gods.

Goddess Durga

The Sanskrit word Durga comes from the demon Durgamasura who had gained such power from lord Brahma that he had become practically invincible. Creating chaos and disturbance, he became a threat to the earth and heavens. Even all the gods were not capable of defeating that asura.

Then a Brahmin warrior woman came to save the land and heavens. Gained weapons and power from the gods, became a goddess who killed the asura, and entitled herself to mother Durga. She is also referred to as Durgatinashini, which means ‘the one who eliminates suffering.’

The Divine Mother

Maa Durga, or the goddess Durga is the goddess of strength, justice, power, and destruction. Goddess Durga is the most worshipped deity in Hinduism and holds great significance amongst all the Hindu goddesses.

Goddess Durga is symbolized as the divine force of positive feminine pure energy or Shakti. The goddess who destroys the negative energy of wickedness. It is believed that lord Vishnu had created this warrior goddess to defeat demons like Mashishasur, the half-buffalo demon.

Sometimes, the goddess Durga is symbolized as a young yellow-colored motherly figure, the great mother goddess who aids us in terminating the constraints and emotional and cognitive obscurations that discourage us from shining the heavenly light we all harbor within our spirits.

How she became the goddess Durga?

According to Hindu mythology, the goddess Durga is the embodiment of Shakti. She is worshipped in so many forms. Bhagvati, Kali, Bhavani, Lalita, Ambika, Gauri, Rajeswari, Kundalini, Java, etc., are some of the forms of goddesses the Hindus worship.

As her name suggests, Mahishasurmardini is the destroyer of all evil forces, with her ten arms bearing lethal weapons gifted by gods and goddesses. Durga, riding a lion or tiger, rages toward her enemies.

Origins

As Hindu mythologies describe the birth of devi Durga, Mahishasur, a half-buffalo asura, did penance to please god Brahma. After many years of his effort, he was able to meet Brahma at last and wished for immortality.

God Brahma refused his wish as it would threaten the heavens and the earth, for the humans, devas, and gods. Then the demon asked for a boon that only a woman could kill him. God Brahma granted his wish then.

The power reached the demon’s head, and he started to create chaos and destruction in the human world. He even captured heaven, Svarga. He became ferocious, thinking that no woman could kill an asura who possessed unlimited power.

Lord Vishnu-the Creator of Maa Durga

The other gods then became worried about the situation and sought the help of Trimurti (lord Shiva, Brahma, and Vishnu) of Hinduism. The male gods then combined their divine forms of energy and gave it the forms of the goddess Durga.

According to other beliefs, Lord Vishnu, the protector, created the supreme deity to exterminate the demon king and free the people from suffering. However, her divine energy combines various male gods’ powers and weapons gifted to her.

Durga maa, the warrior goddess, then appeared in front of Mahishasura. He attacked in various forms, and each time, Durga maa destroyed each form with different weapons. Meanwhile, the demon turned into a buffalo demon, and the goddess Durga killed him with her trident.

Goddess Kali-an Incarnation of Goddess Durga

Mother goddess Durga is one of the most peaceful deities of the divine forces. Durga’s legends center around battling evils that endanger peace, fortune, and dharma. Though she is primarily associated with the killing of Mahishasura, other legends suggest devi Kali is one of her many incarnations.

Devi Kali- An Incarnation of Durga

From the Hindu scriptures, we can learn the story of how the goddess Kali got he tongue red. A demon lord named Shumbha offered himself to the goddess Ambika. She lured him to establish that he was more powerful than her.

Shumbha sent an army to portray this, but she and the devi Kali killed the entire brigade. In the battle, when the demon released Rakt-Beej, every droplet of blood from his body dropped to the battleground and emerged another asura.

It made the demon unstoppable. So, goddess Chandika commanded mother goddess Kali to catch every droplet of blood before it dropped into the battleground. Extending her tongue, mother Kali ran through the battleground to catch Shumbha’s blood. Thus they managed to terminate the asura.

Manifestations of Devi Durga

As per the Vedas, the peaceful deity of cosmic creations has nine forms worshipped in Hindu traditions. These nine forms of the goddess Durga appear to be the most worshipped deities.

  1. Shailaputri (daughter of a Himalayan god)
  2. Brahmacharini (celibate goddess)
  3. Chandraghanta (bearing moon in her necklace)
  4. Kushmanda (primordial creator of the cosmic creations)
  5. Skanda mata (mother of Kartikeya or Skanda)
  6. Katyayani (daughter of the sage Katyayana)
  7. Kalaratri (destroying evil forces of Kali)
  8. Mahagauri (wife of the lord Shiva)
  9. Siddhidatri (blessing supreme being)

In different traditions and beliefs, the mother goddess Durga is depicted in different forms of the goddess. As mentioned in Devi Mahatmya and various other Hindu scriptures. Tantric traditions, even Buddhism, included Durga as an independent deity of theirs.

Festivals revolving around mother Durga

As mother goddess Durga is worshipped in different forms through different incarnations, Hindu festivals regarding her are also different. Durga puja is the most popular among all.

Durga Puja

The battle between mother goddess Durga and Mahishasur remained for nine days; Durga’s victory was accomplished on the tenth day. Thus in west Bengal, Bangladesh, and other parts of the Indian subcontinent, individuals from the goddess-centric sect celebrate the Hindu festival Bijaya Dashami.

In Durga puja, an animal sacrifice is made to release the negative forces of uncontrolled animalistic tendencies from people and protect virtue. Devout Hindus utilize this festival of the great goddess with pride and prejudice.

Dashain

People in Nepal celebrate mother Durga’s festival as Dashain. It is also a ten-day festival where the first nine days are devoted to the nine forms of the mother goddess Durga.

Significance of Mother Durga

In Hinduism, the mother goddess Durga appears to be the divine light of ultimate truth who preserves moral order in the heavens and the earth. Whenever a woman overcomes hardship with powerful mental and physical effort, she is believed to bear the spirit of mother goddess Durga in her heart.

Her followers regard Durga as someone who destroys all misery and all suffering. She uses her divine wrath to liberate those who rely on her. She is the sun of people and the source of all spiritual energy.

How do you view Devi Durga after reading this? Did I change your perspective even a little bit?

Nilanjana Das

I love investigating the unknown and exploring the weird and unexplained. I find it fascinating how our minds can create whole worlds of mystery and suspense. What's even more exciting to me is uncovering these mysteries and looking for evidence that they actually exist!

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